Second Term
Although the U.S. had remained neutral in WWI, Wilson felt that the war had become a real threat to humanity. On April 2, 1917 Wilson made his decleration of war speech to congress announcing WWI was "a war to end all wars." This became the basis of his Fourteen Points, outlining a plan for eliminating future wars and needless deaths.
The Espionage Act of 1917 and the Sedition Act of 1918 were pushed through Congress by Wilson to suppress anti-British, pro-German, or anti-war opinions.
Wilson was strongly pro-labor during wartime and there was large growth amongst union membership. There was no rationing so consumer prices and income taxes greatly increased, hurting the white-collar workers. War bonds helped to shift the costs to the 1920s.
The first propaganda office was set up and the country was flooded with anti-German appeals and censorship. The War Industries Board was set up to regulate the goals and policies of factories. Herbert Hoover was in charge of the Food Administration and began such programs as "Meatless Mondays" and "Wheatless Wednesdays" to save food for the troops in Europe. The Federal Fuel Administration began daylight savings time and rationed fuel supplies.
During 1919 Wilson spent six months in Paris Peace Conference, resulting in the Treaty of Versailles. Wilson's only part of the Fourteen Points that was kept in the Treaty was for the formation of the League of Nations, which the United States never joined. However, Wilson was awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 1919 for his peace-making efforts.
On October 2, 1919 Wilson suffered a stroke which left him paralyzed and blind on his left side. The severity of his disability was not known by the public until after his death. Wilson's wife, Edith, essentially took over for Wilson, acting as his steward for the remainder of his presidency.
7 photos · 340 views